Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization. An approximate measure of a company’s operating cash flow based on data from the company‘s income statement. Calculated by looking at earnings before the deduction of interest expensestaxesdepreciation, and amortization. The formula is:
EBITDA = Revenue — Expenses (excluding interesttaxesdepreciation andamortization)

This earnings measure is of particular interest in cases where companieshave large amounts of fixed assets which are subject to heavy depreciation charges (such as manufacturing companies) or in the case where a companyhas a large amount of acquired intangible assets on its books and is thussubject to large amortization charges (such as a company that has purchased a brand or a company that has recently made a large acquisition). Since the distortionary accounting and financing effects on company earnings do not factor into EBITDA, it is a good way of comparing companies within and across industries. This measure is also of interest to a company’s creditors, since EBITDA is essentially the income that a company has free for interestpayments

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